Edge of Extinction
These Fynbos Fish are typical of species that evolved in ancient mountainous regions in that most occur in isolated rivers and streams, and have geographically constrained ranges. They have a low tolerance to any unnatural disturbance.
Many are now swimming on the edge of extinction.
A total of 42 Fynbos Fish taxa have been recognised to date, but there is still a lot we don’t know about them. Only 23 have been formally described in scientific literature. Several of the newly identified Fynbos Fish species are restricted to fewer than five localities, making them especially vulnerable to extinction. Of the 23 fish species naturally occurring in the Cape Fold Ecoregion, 20 of them are endemic to the region. And of the endemic species, 14 are listed as Vulnerable, Endangered or Critically Endangered according to IUCN Red List criteria.
The threats to our Fynbos Fishes include:
CAPE FOLD ECOREGION
Where can you find Fynbos Fish?
The Cape Fold Ecoregion (CFE) is the freshwater equivalent of the Cape Floral Kingdom – the smallest and most diverse floral kingdom in the world. It’s a global hotspot of extraordinary plant diversity, found in south-western South Africa. It’s home to more than 9000 species of plants, of which fynbos is the main component, but less well known are the unique and threatened freshwater fishes that live in the rivers flowing through fynbos.